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tv   News  Al Jazeera  April 9, 2015 1:00pm-1:31pm EDT

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deal or no deal? no agreement unless sanctions are lifted on the same day. hello there. this is al jazeera live from london. also on the program, the united nations secretary-general describes the situation in the yarmouk refugee camp in syria, a circle of hell i'll be looking into why
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kenyan-somalis in northeastern kenya feel alienated by the government. alienate it was a week ago they celebrated in switzerland over the deal in iran's nuclear program but it's already evident the next level is going to be harder. the president of iran warned they would not sign anything in june also sanctions against his country were lifted at the same time. >>reporter: the president is a savvy political operator. he knows he must convince skeptics of the nuclear deal at
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home that iran isn't bowing to western pressure. so many say it's important to talk tough. that's exactly what he did when he addressed this nuclear technology ceremony in at the ran. >> we will not sign any agreement unless all economic sanctions are lifted at once on the very first day of the implementation of the agreement. >>reporter: iran wants a deal to go ahead but the conditions must satisfy this man. ayatollah, iran's supreme leader. he insists the deal is nonbinding and neither agrees nor disagrees with it. after months of talks iran agreed to limit its enrichment ment capacity and in return world powers would lift a
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crippling embargo. >> nobody has the guts to say no to a possible nuclear deal because today iran's leader said that i support the continuation of talks. i just want to make sure i am not making a mistake. >>reporter: president obama also has to convince his own skeptics, mainly in congress that he's not making a mistake. >> i'm convinced that if this frame work leads to a final, comprehensive deal it will make our country, allies and world safer. >>reporter: the deal also has its worldwide critics including israel. france and saudi arabia are also cautious. a deal between iran and the west is always going to be about more than just the nuclear issue. it marks a change in relation after decades of hostility. the next few months will bring
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more hard bargaining and tough rhetoric before the final deadline at the end of june. the supreme leader and president have also been speaking out against the air strikes in yemen going into their third week. they have called a halt to the attack. iran has also summoned a saudi envoy to at the ran after a spokesman for the saudi-led coalition said iran has been training yemen's houthi
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fighters. more specifically for us as a surgical team we have this expert to treat this very special type of trauma caused by high-speed bullets and bombs. >>reporter: the conflict in yemen has made life difficult for millions of people. no clean water. electricity is cut most of the time. and people have to queue for days to fill their cars. >> we have been waiting for four days for some gas and today is the day. due to the extra gas tax -- we are still waiting. those who are targeting yemen and the yemeni people. >>reporter: there is discontent across the country. dozens of angry soldiers besieged the central bank and
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said they have not received their salary since september when the houthis took over the capital. in aden civilians take cover in the city center where fighting continues between houthis backed by soldiers former to former president saleh and forces loyal to president hadi. hundreds flee. they have been stranded for days waiting for the first boat to sail away. those who are lucky board these small boats headed for eastern africa leaving behind a country on the verge of a civil war. in his daily briefing the spokesman for the saudi-led coalition said the campaign against the houthis was continuing to be a success. he also accused the rebels of endangering civilian lives. >> i wish to confirm an important piece of information. that the houthi militias are
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storing ammunition and vehicles in residential areas and with help some of individuals known to yemeni authorities. this kind of work will not be ignored and we emphasize that this should not happen. otherwise, these locations will be targeted and destroyed. >> let's get more now from doha. the military spokesman there seemed to be playing down reports that the houthis have captured a provincial capital attack in the southeast. sunni tribal strong hold area of course. he said they were just small isolated units that would be targeted. nevertheless, does this incushion illustrate that we may be headed to a full-blown sectarian war?rsion illustrate that
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we may be headed to a full-blown sectarian war? >> they have managed to severely undermine the military capabilities of the houthis. but on the ground the attacks continue to move to areas like aden. when they took over -- this came as a huge surprise because it's a predominantly sunni area controlled by forces loyal to president hadi. it's obviously a set back for the coalition and its attacks against the houthis. >> and we've been hearing more haven't we from iran on yemen, more rhetoric from iran the supreme leader calling the air campaign a crime and a genocide. he warned that the saudis will lose. rhetoric remains high. tension remains high. does the risk of escalation into a regional conflict also remain
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high? >> the saudis repeatedly say the iranians are backing the houthis to further their own agenda in the region and destabilize saudi arabia warning that it could become a battle ground for influence in the region like we've seen in the past in places like iraq and syria. at the same time there's a diplomatic effort in different parts of the world. the amir of qatar met with -- i think there are attempts to try to diffuse tension because everyone is concerned about what
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might happen in the future. >> thank you. a senior palestinian official says he's reached an agreement with the syrian government to use military force to expel isil from a palestinian camp in damascus. about 18,000 people are still inside the yarmouk camp. aid agencies have been calling for a halt to the fighting so that aid can reach residents there who are facing severe food and water shortages. those sentiments were echoed by the u.n. the u.n.
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secretary-general. >> for which -- we need to stabilize the situation in the camp. i join the security council in demanding an end to hostilities, access to provide humanitarian assistance and safe passage for civilians wishing to escape safely. he said that civilians must be protected at all times but
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seemed to rule out the possibility of any military intervention in the camp. >> that's the million dollars question. he didn't have an answer to that. he was asked after giving these very strong words we've heard previously from the secretary-general. the question what exactly is the u.n. expected to do about this specifically and his response was that the member nod or shake nations of the u.n. are divided and syria is divided on what to do so he insin wait that it makes it very difficult to know what touate that it makes it very difficult to know what to do.
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it certainly is anybody's guess at this point. but clearly the secretary-general is trying to use his bull horn if you will and his loud stature in the world affairs to sort of again, raise the red flag of how bad the situation is in yarmouk right now. >> essentially that's all he can really do use his bull horn as you say. they've been hearing these comments from the secretary-general for four years and that they risk sounds like mere plat attitudeitude.platitude.. >> you have attitude. >> you have to sense that theitude. >> you have to sense that the secretary is frustrated.
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the situation in syria -- i'm sorry, at the yarmouk camp is more desperate now than it ever has been before and just as a few days ago, u.n. relief agencies were simply not able to get into the camp because in his words, it was simply too dangerous at that point. so what you're essentially seeing is a little bit of frustration probably by the secretary-general. in fact some of his own relief agencies can't even get out in there to help the people that they're tasked to help. so essentially he's watching all of this as a spectator, this terrible situation spinning out of control in yarmouk. those are i think the words you were hearing from the secretary-general today. >> okay. thank you. still to come workers in thousands demand an end to
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federal spending cuts in france. cuts in france. on all the things we stand for. aljazeera america.
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iran's supreme leader says the deal reached last week over the nuclear deal with iran will not necessarily be made. air strikes in yemen are
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called a crime. and the u.n. secretary-general has described the situation inside a palestinian refugee camp in damascus as a circle of hell and says children at the camp are being used as human shields after isil fighters overran it last week greece has made a payment of just over $500 million to the international monetary fund. the country owes just over $350 billion. the largest amount is owed to the european financial stability facility the organization which was set up by the ewe ohuro zone that was set up. they've made this payment by scraping the barrel. they still have pension payments
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to pay, civil service salaries and there's not much money left in the pot. they need emergency funding from the eu but the eu is playing hard ball. is there a real breakdown now between greece and its international creditors? >>reporter: it's quite apparent joena, that relations are now characterized by severe mistrust between the greek government on one side and other european governments on the other making the possibility of coming to an agreement quite difficult. there was wide anticipation over the prime minister's visit to russia when he said that he was opposed to the eu sanctions that have been imposed on russia over its alleged military involvement in eastern ukraine.
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you also have this very rankoruos dispute going on between greece and germany, greece saying germany owes it money, reparations that should be paid to compensate for the nazi occupation back in the 1940s. none of this is helpful. greece desperately needs money and there's still a wide gap between greece and the european union. essentially, the european union is asking the government to impose austerity measures -- that puts it in an awful bind. >> okay. we've got to leave it there. thank you very much. more now on our top story, the iran nuclear negotiations. in the last few minutes, the u.s. state department has made these comments. >> we're not negotiating in public. we've talked a lot over the last
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week about the parameters of the framework and we've certainly gone into some detail about them. so we're not going to negotiate on those terms in public. of course there are a number of details that remain to be negotiated. that's why we have the process until the end of june: thousands march into the french capital protesting federal spending cuts. the rally coincides with the second day of nationwide strikes by state radio workers and air traffic controllers. british counterterrorism will take over the police investigation into the murder of a syrian-born imam in london. he was found with gunshot wounds to his chest on tuesday. the father of six was a
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well-known critic of the president of syria, al assad. an uneasy relationship between locals and authorities in kenya's northeast has been making for a difficult fight between al shabaab rebels the group accused of killing 147 students just a week ago. >>reporter: muslim clerics and the people meet to condemn thursday's massacre. they talk about peace. here's the problem. many people are too afraid to give any information to the government. i met some elders who told me why. >> i once give information to
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the police. they arrested me saying i'm al shabaab. how do you expect people to give you information if they feel they'll be victimize. >>reporter: somalis from this region accuse the police and military from targeting them in regular government crackdowns. this is garissa's main market. in 2012 three soldiers were killed by unidentified gunmen just outside there was a government crackdown. this market was -- they believe the gunmen had passed through here and blamed the traders for it. she was shot in that raid. it took two months and the help of relatives to rebuild her store but much longer for her wounds to heal. >> she shot me on this side. we had no cars so people had to carry us to the hospital. >>reporter: and now a dusk to
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dawn curfew is in place and people are already complaining of arbitrary arrests and disappearances. this man says his relative was arrested in a raid last month. they have not seen him since. >> we found his bloody shoes at the hotel where the raid happened. we reported to police and are still looking for him. >>reporter: the new county commissioner in charge of security told us his priority is to -- >> leadership which is even more important. to me that gives the opportunity to really get to the people. >>reporter: but he also says somalis, no matter where they come from must be screened. at this checkpoint they do just that check documents and fingerprints. this is just one of many road blocks set up all the way to
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nairobi. some travellers say they don't mind the checks but have a problem with what they see with racial profiling and the price they sometimes have to pay the founder of the indian software company has been sentenced to seven years in prison for the largest fraud in corporate history. they were convicted for a massive -- he had confessed in 2009 that he manipulated his cup companies's books costing shareholders $2 billion. >>reporter: it's taken six years for this case to come to some kind of end and he is expected to go to jail for seven years. the big question going forward though is how this sentence will actually be served and whether or not the around three years he's already done in judicial custody will count towards the
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seven. various reactions across india and around the world as we go forward with this verdict and sentencing on the one hand there was expectations that he would be given the maximum 14 years in jail that was expected or this kind of case can carry. however, he's been given half of that. on the other side there will just be a great sense of relief that this case has come to an end and there is a definitive judgment in what has been described as india's largest fraud cases. there have been a great deal of changes in terms of regulations put in by the securities and exchange board of india. the question though is what kind of confidence will this bring back to foreign investors. they hope this will boost confidence in one of the world's
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largest markets. in bangladesh 24 people have been killed after a bus veered off the road into trees. 22 people were injured in the accident in bangor. passengers say the driver lost control. taliban fighters have killed ten people in an assault on government buildings in northern afghanistan. four fighters wearing explosive vests used grenades to storm the compound of the chief prosecutor's office. during a gun battle that lasted for hours, five policemen and four prosecutors were killed and 61 were wounded. the taliban took responsibility for the attack. >> now, 15 years ago, 164 governments agreed together to improve education. they set goals to be achieved by this year. back then afghanistan was considered the worst place in the world to get an education. jennifer glass reports from kabul on what many people are
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calling a success. >>reporter: morning assembly at the school shows how far afghanistan has come. in 2002 there were 37 students here. now there are more than 3,000. nearly half of them girls. >> my students they're practicing their freedom, freedom of talk expression interact their families in a very good way. but that has come all from the support of the community. >>reporter: the community spirit is obvious here. elected student council and a student committee -- and in the classrooms there's a real hunger for learning. >> it's important in this time, in this world that we should learn education because if you don't have education, we can't
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improve our lives or our country. >>reporter: afghanistan has made the most progress in the last 15 years in the world in genger equality. they don't have enough qualified teachers or classrooms. for those who do graduate high school getting into university isn't guaranteed. 270,000 students are competing for 130,000 higher education spots. the exam process has been tainted by allegations of bribery and cheating. >> we want the government to build more universities and tackle corruption. >>reporter: afghanistan's education officials say they're aware of the system's shortcomings and are working to correct the problem. but they say for a country
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that's endured decades of conflict in education at least, afghanistan is doing well. jennifer glass, al jazeera, kabul. that's the website you're looking at right there. ramalinga raju paz police dispatch audio tapes reveal the moments an a white south carolina police officer shot and killed a black man. the latest from north charleston. nuclear roadblocks - iran's supreme leader says there'll be no nuclear deal until all economic sanctions are lifted. president obama visiting